How to Propagate Spider Plants

June 29, 2023 By Megan Taylor
How to Propagate Spider Plants


Spider plants (Chlorophytum comosum) are popular houseplants known for their arching, variegated leaves and easy care requirements. Propagating spider plants is a fantastic way to expand your collection, share the beauty of these plants with others, or create new plants for different areas of your home. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of propagating spider plants using various methods, such as plantlets, stem cuttings, and division. Additionally, we will provide essential caring tips to ensure successful propagation and healthy growth of your spider plant offspring.

How to Propagate Spider Plants?

Step 1: Gathering the Necessary Materials

Before you start propagating your spider plants, gather the essential materials. You will need a healthy mature spider plant, clean scissors or shears, small pots or containers, a well-draining potting mix, a misting spray bottle, and optional rooting hormone. Ensure that your tools and containers are clean and sterilized to minimize the risk of diseases.

Step 2: Propagating Spider Plantlets

Spider plants naturally produce plantlets, also known as spiderettes or pups, which can be easily propagated. Follow these steps to propagate spider plantlets:

  • Identify mature plantlets: Look for small offshoots growing from the main plant with their own roots.
  • Prepare the potting mix: Fill small pots or containers with a well-draining potting mix, leaving some space at the top.
  • Separate the plantlet: Gently detach the plantlet from the parent plant, ensuring it has a good amount of roots.
  • Plant the plantlet: Place the plantlet into the prepared potting mix, covering the roots and pressing the soil gently around it.
  • Provide care: Keep the newly potted plantlet in a warm and bright location, but avoid direct sunlight. Mist the plantlet and soil lightly to provide some humidity.
  • Watering: Water the plantlet regularly, keeping the soil slightly moist but not overly saturated. Ensure proper drainage to avoid waterlogging.

How to Propagate Spider Plants

Step 3: Propagating Spider Plant Stem Cuttings

If your spider plant does not produce plantlets, you can propagate it using stem cuttings. Follow these steps to propagate spider plant stem cuttings:

  • Choose a healthy stem: Select a mature and healthy stem from your spider plant. Look for a stem with several leaves.
  • Cut the stem: Using clean scissors or shears, make a clean cut below a leaf node. Remove any leaves from the lower portion of the stem, leaving a few at the top.
  • Rooting hormone (optional): If desired, you can dip the cut end of the stem in a rooting hormone powder or gel to promote root development.
  • Plant the cutting: Fill a small pot with a well-draining potting mix. Create a small hole in the soil and place the cutting in it. Firmly press the soil around the base of the cutting to secure it.
  • Provide care: Place the pot in a warm and bright location, away from direct sunlight. Mist the cutting and soil lightly to maintain some humidity.
  • Watering: Water the cutting regularly, ensuring the soil remains slightly moist. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.
  • Root development: Within a few weeks, roots will develop, and new growth will appear. Once the cutting has established roots, you can treat it as a mature spider plant.

Step 4: Propagating Spider Plant through Division

Another method of propagating spider plants is through division. Follow these steps to propagate spider plants through division:

  • Select a healthy parent plant: Choose a mature spider plant with several well-developed stems.
  • Remove the plant from the pot: Gently remove the parent plant from its pot and shake off excess soil.
  • Divide the plant: Carefully separate the individual stems, ensuring each division has a good portion of roots attached.
  • Replant the divisions: Prepare small pots with well-draining potting mix. Plant each division in its own pot, covering the roots and pressing the soil gently.
  • Provide care: Place the newly potted divisions in a warm and bright location, but avoid direct sunlight. Mist the plants and soil lightly to maintain some humidity.
  • Watering: Water the divisions regularly, keeping the soil slightly moist. Ensure proper drainage to prevent waterlogging.

How to Propagate Spider Plants

How to Care for Propagated Spider Plants?

Once you have successfully propagated your spider plants, it’s important to provide proper care for their healthy growth. Here are some caring tips:

  • Light: Spider plants prefer bright, indirect light. Place them near a window with filtered sunlight or in a well-lit room. They can tolerate low-light conditions but may lose their variegation.
  • Watering: Spider plants like their soil to be slightly moist but not waterlogged. Water them when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering, as it can cause root rot.
  • Temperature and Humidity: Spider plants thrive in average room temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C). They can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures but are sensitive to cold drafts. They adapt well to normal household humidity levels.
  • Fertilization: Feed your propagated spider plants with a balanced houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength every 2-4 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Reduce or stop fertilization in the winter months when growth slows down.
  • Pruning: Regularly trim back any yellow or brown leaves to maintain the plant’s appearance and overall health. Pruning also helps control the size and shape of the plant.


With these step-by-step instructions and caring tips, you can successfully propagate spider plants and enjoy the beauty of these lovely houseplants throughout your home. Experiment with different propagation methods and watch as your spider plant collection flourishes.

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