How to Propagate Monstera

June 29, 2023 By Megan Taylor


Monstera plants, with their iconic Swiss cheese-like leaves, are popular choices for indoor gardens and green spaces. Propagating Monstera plants is an exciting way to grow new plants and share their beauty with others. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through various methods of propagating Monstera plants, including stem cuttings and air layering. Additionally, we will provide essential caring tips to ensure successful propagation and healthy growth of your Monstera plants.

How to Propagate Monstera?

Step 1: Gather the Necessary Materials

Before you begin propagating your Monstera plant, gather the essential materials. You will need a healthy and mature Monstera plant, clean pruning shears or a sharp knife, a well-draining potting mix, small pots or containers, a misting spray bottle, rooting hormone (optional), and sphagnum moss or coco coir (for air layering). Ensure that your tools and containers are clean and sterile to prevent the spread of diseases.

Step 2: Stem Cutting Propagation

One of the most common methods of propagating Monstera plants is through stem cuttings. Select a healthy stem with at least one or two leaves from the parent plant. Using clean pruning shears or a sharp knife, make a clean cut just below a node, which is where the leaf joins the stem. 

Place the stem cutting in a glass of water or directly into a well-draining potting mix. If using water, ensure that the node is submerged. Keep the cutting in a warm and bright location, avoiding direct sunlight. Within a few weeks, roots will develop, and new growth will emerge.

Step 3: Air Layering

Air layering is another effective method for propagating Monstera plants, especially for larger and more established plants. Select a healthy section of the stem where you want to create a new plant. Make a horizontal cut through the stem, about one-third of the way through. Apply rooting hormone to the exposed area. 

Wrap the cut section with moist sphagnum moss or coco coir, and secure it with plastic wrap or a plastic bag. Keep the moss or coir moist, ensuring it doesn’t dry out. After several weeks to a few months, roots will develop in the moss or coir. Once the roots are well-established, carefully cut below the air layer and plant it in a pot with well-draining soil.

How to Care for Newly Propagated Monstera Plants

After propagating your Monstera plants, proper care is crucial to ensure their healthy growth and establishment. Here are some caring tips to follow:

  • Provide bright, indirect light: Monstera plants thrive in bright, indirect light. Place them in a location where they receive ample light without being exposed to direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves.
  • Water moderately: Monstera plants prefer slightly moist soil but can tolerate slight drying out between waterings. Water the plants when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.
  • Use well-draining soil: Plant Monstera cuttings or air-layered plants in a well-draining potting mix. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and orchid bark or coconut coir works well. This helps prevent waterlogging and ensures healthy root development.
  • Provide humidity: Monstera plants appreciate higher humidity levels. You can increase humidity by placing a tray of water near the plants, using a humidifier, or misting the leaves regularly.
  • Support climbing growth: If you’re propagating a Monstera with aerial roots, provide a support structure such as a moss pole or trellis. This encourages upward growth and helps the plant develop its characteristic fenestrations.



Propagating Monstera plants is an enjoyable and rewarding process that allows you to expand your collection and share the beauty of these unique plants. By following the step-by-step instructions provided in this comprehensive guide and applying the caring tips, you can successfully propagate Monstera plants using stem cuttings or air layering. Enjoy the journey of watching your new plants thrive and create a lush and vibrant indoor space with these stunning Monstera plants.

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